He was called the " Maharaja of the keyboard" by Duke Ellingtonbut simply "O. He is considered one of the greatest jazz pianists,  and played thousands of concerts worldwide in a career lasting more than 60 years. Peterson was born in Montreal, Quebecto immigrants from the West Indies ; his father worked as a porter for Canadian Pacific Railway. It was in this predominantly black neighborhood that he encountered the jazz culture. His father, Daniel Peterson, an amateur trumpeter and pianist, was one of his Just You music teachers, and his sister Daisy taught him classical piano.
But he was captivated by traditional jazz and boogie-woogie and learned several ragtime pieces. He was called "the Brown Bomber of the Boogie-Woogie".
At the age of nine Peterson played piano with a degree of control that impressed professional musicians. For many years his piano studies included four to six hours Just You daily practice. Only in his later years did he decrease his practice to one or Girls Of The World - Various - True Brits 2 hours daily.
Inat fourteen years of age, he won the national music competition organized by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. After that victory, he dropped out of the High School of Montreal Just You, where he played in a band with Maynard Ferguson. In his teens he was a member of the Johnny Holmes Orchestra. From to he worked in a trio and recorded for Victor Records.
He gravitated toward boogie-woogie and swing with a particular fondness In Your Eyes - Peter Gabriel - No Self Control Nat King Cole and Teddy Wilson. In a cab on the way to the Montreal airportNorman Granz heard a radio program broadcasting from a local club. He was so impressed that he told the driver to take him to the Just Me - Oscar Peterson - Classic Jazz Archive Oscar Peterson so he could meet the pianist.
This was more than a managerial relationship; Peterson praised Granz for standing up for him and other black jazz musicians in the segregationist south of the s and s. In the documentary video Music in the Key of OscarPeterson tells how Granz stood up to a gun-toting southern policeman who wanted to stop the trio from using "whites-only" taxis. In Peterson worked in a duo with double bassist Ray Brown.
Two years later they added guitarist Barney Kessel. Then Herb Ellis stepped in after Kessel grew weary of touring. The trio remained together from tooften touring with Jazz at the Philharmonic. He considered the trio with Brown and Ellis "the most stimulating" and productive setting for public performances and studio recordings.
Ashby, who was a swing guitarist, was soon replaced by Kessel. When Ellis departed inthey hired drummer Ed Thigpen because they felt no guitarist could compare to Ellis. The trio performed together until In the fall ofPeterson's trio released the album Tristeza on Piano. Jones and Durham left in This trio emulated the success of the s trio with Brown and Ellis and gave acclaimed performances at festivals.
In he added British drummer Martin Drew. This quartet toured and recorded extensively worldwide. Pass said in a interview, "The only guys I've heard who come close to total mastery of Just You instruments are Art Tatum and Peterson". Peterson was open to experimental collaborations with jazz musicians such as saxophonist Ben Webstertrumpeter Clark Terryand vibraphonist Milt Jackson. Inthe Peterson Just You with Jackson recorded the album Very Tall.
He recorded for Pabloled by Norman Granz, after the label was founded in In the s and s he recorded several albums Lonesome Fiddle Blues - Nitty Gritty Dirt Band - Will The Circle Be Unbroken by a combo for Telarc.
Peterson had arthritis since his youth, and in later years he had trouble buttoning his shirt. He had hip replacement surgery in the early s. In a stroke weakened his left side and removed him from work for two years. Although he recovered some dexterity in his left hand, his piano playing was diminished, and his style had relied principally on his right hand. In he returned to occasional public performances and recorded for Telarc.
His friend, Canadian politician and amateur pianist Bob Raesaid, "a one-handed Oscar was better than just about anyone with two hands. He continued to tour the U. In his health declined. He canceled his plans to perform at the Toronto Jazz Festival and a Carnegie Hall all-star concert that was to be given in his honour. Peterson died on December 23, of kidney failure at his home in Mississauga, Ontario.
Peterson was married four times. He loved to cook and remained large throughout his life. Peterson taught piano and improvisation in Canada, mainly in Toronto. With associates, he started and headed the Advanced School of Contemporary Music in Toronto for five years during the s, but it closed Just You touring called him and his associates away, and it did not have government funding. He asked his students to study the music of Johann Sebastian Bachespecially The Well-Tempered Clavierthe Goldberg Variationsand The Art of Fugueconsidering these piano pieces essential for every serious pianist.
Among his students were pianists Benny Green and Oliver Jones. Johnsonand Art Tatumto whom many compared Peterson in later years  After his father played a record of Tatum's " Tiger Rag ", he was intimidated and disillusioned, quitting the piano for several weeks. Tatum and Peterson became good friends, although Peterson was always shy about being compared with Tatum and rarely played the piano in Tatum's presence.
Peterson also credited his sister—a piano teacher in Montreal who also taught several other Canadian jazz musicians—with being an important teacher and influence on his career. Under his sister's tutelage, Peterson expanded into classical piano training and broadened his range while mastering the core classical pianism from scales to preludes and fugues by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Building on Tatum's pianism and aesthetics, Peterson also absorbed Tatum's musical influences, notably from piano concertos by Sergei Rachmaninoff. Rachmaninoff's harmonizations, as well as direct quotations from his 2nd Piano Concertoare scattered throughout many recordings by Peterson, including his work with the most familiar formulation of the Oscar Peterson Trio, with bassist Ray Brown and guitarist Herb Ellis. During the s and s Peterson made numerous trio recordings highlighting his piano performances; they reveal more of his eclectic style, absorbing influences from various genres of jazz, popular, and classical music.
According to pianist and educator Mark Eisenman, some of Peterson's best playing Orfeo E Euridice: Che Faro Senza Euridice - Tito Schipa - Rare Recordings (1918-1957) as an understated accompanist to singer Ella Fitzgerald and trumpeter Roy Eldridge. Just You Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from The Oscar Peterson Trio. For the U. Navy sailor and Medal of Honor recipient, see Oscar V.
For the American carver of fish decoys, see Oscar W. In " Jazz at the Philharmonic with Norman Granz s. Further information: Oscar Peterson discography. Music portal Jazz portal Canada portal. Concerts On Demand. Retrieved on January 13, The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 28, With typical modesty, Peterson hailed Art Tatum as the greatest jazz pianist, declaring: "Musically speaking, he was and is my musical God, and I feel honoured to remain one of his humbly devoted disciples.
Archived from the original on Retrieved The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved February 6, L'Encre NoirFebruary 8, McGill University. Retrieved December 25, Considine December 26, The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on December 26, Retrieved January 12, Retrieved 14 August Roy Eldridge, Little Jazz Giant.
Bloomsbury Academic. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on April 28, Retrieved May 23, Co-editor, The Jazz Review. Miller Freeman. MusicWeb Encyclopaedia of Popular Music. Archived from the original on May 22, The Canadian Press. Retrieved December 26, CBC Radio Two. January 12,
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