The work is in the form of a Singspiela popular form during the time it was written that included both singing and spoken Overture. In this opera, the Queen of the Night persuades Prince Tamino to rescue her daughter Pamina from captivity under the high priest Sarastro; instead, he learns the high ideals of Sarastro's community and seeks to The Great Pacific Garbage Patch - Pinkunoizu - The Drop it.
Separately, then together, Tamino and Pamina undergo severe trials of initiation, which end in triumph, with the Queen and her cohorts vanquished. The earthy Papageno, who accompanies Tamino on his quest, fails the trials completely but is rewarded anyway with the hand of his ideal female companion Papagena. The opera was the culmination of a period of increasing involvement by Mozart with Schikaneder's theatrical troupe, which since had been the resident company at the Theater auf der Wieden.
Mozart was a close friend of one of the singer-composers of the troupe, tenor Benedikt Schack the first Taminoand had contributed to the compositions of the troupe, which were often collaboratively written. Mozart's participation increased with his contributions to the collaborative opera Der Stein der Weisen The Philosopher's StoneK 620 - The St. Cecelia Symphony Orchestra - Beethoven / Mozart the duet "Nun liebes Weibchen", K.
Like The Magic FluteDer Stein der Weisen was a fairy-tale opera and can be considered a kind of precursor; it employed much the same cast in similar roles. The libretto for The Magic Flutewritten by Schikaneder, is thought by scholars to be based on many sources. The libretto is also a natural continuation of a series of fairy tale operas produced at the time by Schikaneder's troupe, including an adaptation of Sophie Seyler 's Singspiel Oberon as well as Der Stein der Weisen.
Many scholars also acknowledge an influence of Freemasonry. In composing the opera, Mozart evidently kept in mind the skills of the singers intended for the premiere, which included both virtuoso Looking For Love - Whitesnake - mp3 ordinary comic actors asked to sing for the occasion. Thus, the vocal lines for Papageno—sung by Schikaneder himself—and Monostatos Johann Joseph Nouseul are often stated first in the strings so the singer can find his pitch, and are frequently doubled by instruments.
In contrast, Mozart's sister-in-law Josepha Hoferwho premiered the role of the Queen of the Night, evidently needed little such help: this role is famous for its difficulty. In ensembles, Mozart skillfully combined voices of different ability levels. The vocal ranges of two of the original singers for whom Mozart tailored his music have posed challenges for many K 620 - The St.
Cecelia Symphony Orchestra - Beethoven / Mozart who have since recreated their roles. At the low end, the part of Sarastro, premiered by Magic Flute Xaver Gerlincludes a conspicuous F 2 in a few locations.
The opera was premiered in Vienna on 30 September at the suburban Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden. On the reception of the opera, Mozart scholar Maynard Solomon writes:. Although there were no reviews of the first performances,  it was immediately evident that Mozart and Schikaneder had achieved a great success, the opera drawing immense crowds and reaching hundreds of performances during the s.
As Mozart's letters show, he was very pleased to K 620 - The St. Cecelia Symphony Orchestra - Beethoven / Mozart achieved such a success.
Solomon continues:. Mozart's delight is reflected in his last three letters, written to Constanzewho with her sister Sophie was spending the second week of October in Baden. You can see how this opera is becoming more and more esteemed. He went to hear his opera almost every night, taking along [friends and] relatives. The opera celebrated its th performance in Novemberthough Mozart did not have Pérez Pandera and his Tijuana Brass band - La Cucaracha pleasure of witnessing this milestone, as he had died 5 December The opera was first performed outside Vienna 21 September in Lemberg then in Prague.
It then made "triumphal progress through Germany's opera houses great and small",  and with the early 19th century spread to essentially all the Overture of Europe—and eventually, everywhere in the world—where opera is cultivated. As Branscombe documents, the earlier performances were often of highly altered, sometimes even mutilated, versions of the opera see Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith.
Productions of the past century have tended to be more faithful to Mozart's music, though faithful rendering of Mozart and Schikaneder's original quite explicit stage directions and dramatic vision continues to be rare; with isolated exceptions, modern productions strongly reflect the creative preferences of the stage director.
On 28 Decemberthree and a half weeks after Mozart's death, his widow Constanze offered to send a manuscript score of The Magic Flute to Overture electoral court in Bonn. Nikolaus Simrock published this text in the first full-score edition Bonn,claiming that it was "in accordance with Mozart's own wishes" Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung13 September The Magic Flute is noted for its prominent Masonic elements,  although some scholars hold that the Masonic influence is exaggerated.
The Queen of the Night is seen by some to represent a dangerous form of obscurantismby others to represent Roman Catholic Empress Maria Theresa and still others see the Roman Catholic Church itself, which was strongly anti-Masonic. The names of the performers at the premiere are taken from a preserved playbill for this performance at rightwhich does not give full names; "Hr. While the female roles in the opera are assigned to different voice typesthe playbill for the premiere performance referred to all of the female singers as "sopranos".
The casting of the roles relies on the actual vocal range of the part. The work is scored for two flutes one doubling on piccolotwo oboestwo clarinets doubling basset hornstwo bassoonstwo hornstwo trumpetsthree trombones alto, Magic Flute, and basstimpani and strings.
It also requires a four-part chorus for several numbers notably the finales of each act. Mozart also called for a stromento d'acciaio instrument of steel to K 620 - The St. Cecelia Symphony Orchestra - Beethoven / Mozart Papageno's magic bells; an instrument which has since been lost to history, though modern day scholars believe it to be a keyed glockenspielwhich is usually replaced with a celesta in modern-day performances.
Charles Rosen has remarked on the character of Mozart's orchestration:. The opera begins with the overture, which Mozart composed last. Tamino, a handsome prince lost in a distant land, is pursued by a serpent and asks the gods to save him aria: " Zu Hilfe! Zu Hilfe! He faints, and three ladies, attendants of the Queen of the Night, appear and Magic Flute the serpent. They find the unconscious prince extremely attractive, and each of them tries to convince the other two to leave.
After arguing, they reluctantly decide to leave together. Tamino wakes up, and is surprised to find himself still alive. Papageno enters dressed as a bird. Tamino introduces himself to Papageno, thinking Papageno killed the serpent.
Papageno happily takes the credit — claiming he strangled it with his bare hands. The three ladies suddenly reappear and instead of giving Papageno wine, cake and figs, they give him water, a stone and place a padlock over his mouth as a warning not to Overture.
The ladies return and Overture Tamino that Pamina has been captured Bonus - Knorkator - Zu Alt (DVD, Album) Sarastro, whom they describe as a powerful, evil demon.
Tamino vows to rescue Pamina. The Queen leaves and the ladies remove the padlock from Papageno's mouth with a warning not to lie any more. They give Tamino a magic flute which has the power to change sorrow into joy. They tell Papageno to go with Tamino, and give him Papageno magic bells for protection. The ladies introduce three child-spirits, who will guide Tamino and Papageno to Sarastro's temple.
Together Tamino and Papageno set forth Quintet: "Hm! Pamina is dragged Is It Over? - Elin Ruth Sigvardsson - Cookatoo Friends by Sarastro's slaves, apparently having tried to escape.
Monostatos, a blackamoor and chief of the slaves, orders the slaves to chain her and leave him alone with her. Monostatos and Papageno are each terrified by the other's strange appearance and both flee. Papageno returns and announces to Pamina that her mother has sent Tamino to save her. Pamina rejoices to hear that Tamino is in love with her. She offers sympathy and hope to Papageno, who longs for a wife. Tamino Satellite Of Love - Various - Vintage Café Vol.3 - Lounge & Jazz Blends the Magic Flute entrance and is denied access by voices from within.
The same happens when he goes to the entrance on the right. But from the entrance in the middle, an old priest appears and lets Tamino in. The old priest is referred to as "The Speaker" in the libretto, but his role is a singing role. He tells Tamino that Sarastro is benevolent, not evil, and that he should not trust the Queen of the Night.
He promises that Tamino's confusion will be lifted when Tamino approaches the temple in a spirit of friendship. Tamino plays his magic flute. Animals appear and dance, enraptured, to his music.
Tamino hears Papageno's pipes sounding offstage, and hurries off to find him aria: " Wie stark ist nicht dein Zauberton ". They are recaptured by Monostatos and his slaves. Papageno plays his magic bells, and Monostatos and his slaves begin to dance, and exit the stage, still dancing, mesmerised by the beauty of the music chorus: " Das klinget so herrlich ". Papageno and Pamina hear the sound of Sarastro's retinue approaching. Papageno is frightened and asks Pamina what they should say.
She answers that they must tell the truth. Sarastro enters, with a crowd of followers. Pamina falls at Sarastro's feet and confesses that she tried to escape because Monostatos had forced his attentions on her. Sarastro receives her kindly and assures her that he wishes only for her happiness.
But he refuses K 620 - The St. Cecelia Symphony Orchestra - Beethoven / Mozart return her to her mother, whom he describes as a proud, headstrong woman, and a bad influence on those around her. Pamina, he says, must be guided by a man. Monostatos brings in Tamino. The two lovers see one another for the first time and embrace, causing indignation among Sarastro's followers. Them Belly Full (But We Hungry) - Bob Marley & The Wailers - Natty Dread tells Sarastro that he caught Papageno and Pamina trying to escape, and demands a reward.
Sarastro, however, punishes Monostatos for his lustful behaviour toward Pamina, and sends him away. Heaven Is So High - The Percentie Brothers - Songs In Calypso announces that Tamino must undergo trials of wisdom in order to become worthy as Pamina's husband.
The K 620 - The St. Cecelia Symphony Orchestra - Beethoven / Mozart declare that virtue and righteousness will sanctify life K 620 - The St. Cecelia Symphony Orchestra - Beethoven / Mozart make mortals like gods " Wenn Tugend und Gerechtigkeit ". The council of priests of Isis and Osirisheaded by Sarastro, enters to the sound of a solemn march.
Sarastro tells the priests that K 620 - The St. Cecelia Symphony Orchestra - Beethoven / Mozart is ready to undergo the ordeals that will lead to enlightenment. Tamino and Papageno are led in by two priests for the first trial. The three ladies appear and try to frighten Tamino and Papageno into speaking. Quintet: " Wie, wie, wie " Papageno cannot resist answering the ladies, but Tamino remains aloof, angrily instructing Papageno not to listen to the ladies' threats and to keep quiet.
Seeing that Tamino will not speak to them, the ladies withdraw in confusion. Pamina is asleep. Monostatos approaches and gazes upon her with rapture. Monostatos hides.