Lionel Leo Hampton April 20, — August 31, was an American jazz vibraphonistpianist, percussionist, and bandleader. Lionel Hampton was born in in Louisville, Kentuckyand was raised by his mother.
Shortly after he was born, he and his mother moved to her hometown of Birmingham, Alabama. As a youth, Hampton was a Lionel Hampton - The Best Of of the Bud Billiken Cluban alternative to the Boy Scouts of Americawhich was off-limits because of racial segregation.
Clark Smith while still a teenager in Chicago. He moved to California in orplaying drums for the Dixieland Blues-Blowers.
One of his trademarks as a drummer was his ability to do stunts with multiple pairs Lionel Hampton - The Best Of sticks such as twirling and juggling without missing a beat. In Louis Armstrong came to California and hired the Les Hite band, asking Hampton if he would play vibes Lionel Hampton - The Best Of two songs. So began his career as a vibraphonist, popularizing the use of the instrument in the process.
While working with the Les Hite band, Hampton also occasionally did some performing with Nat Shilkret and his orchestra. During the early s, Lionel Hampton - The Best Of studied music at the University of Southern California. In he led his own orchestra, and then appeared in the Bing Crosby film Pennies From Heaven alongside Louis Armstrong wearing a mask in a scene while playing drums. Voyage Au Pays Des Vivants - Johnny Hallyday - Que Je TAime Hampton on Benny Goodman .
The Trio and Quartet were among the first racially integrated jazz groups to perform before audiences,   and were a leading small-group of the day. While Hampton worked for Goodman in New York, he recorded with several different small groups known as the Lionel Hampton Orchestra, as well as assorted small groups within the Goodman band.
In Hampton left the Goodman organization under amicable circumstances to form his own big band. Hampton's orchestra developed a high-profile during the s and early s. Although Hampton first recorded "Flying Home" under his own name with a small group in for Victor, the best known version is the big band version recorded for Decca on May 26,in a new arrangement by Hampton's pianist Milt Buckner.
The song went on to become the theme song for all three men. Guitarist Billy Mackel first joined Hampton inand would perform and record with him almost continuously through to the late s. Hampton continued to The Power Of Music - The Miracles - The Power Of Music (Vinyl, Album, LP) with small groups and jam sessions during the s and s, with Oscar PetersonBuddy DeFrancoand others.
The performance created a sensation with Italian audiences, as it broke into a real jazz session. During the s, Hampton's groups were in decline; he was still performing what had succeeded for him earlier in his career. Beginning in FebruaryHampton and his band played at the University of Idaho 's annual jazz festival, which was renamed the Lionel Hampton Jazz Festival the following year. Hampton remained active until a stroke in Paris in led to a collapse on stage.
That incident, combined with years of chronic arthritisforced him to cut back drastically on performances. However, he did play at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History in shortly before his death. Many musicians recall that Lionel ran the music and Gladys ran the business.
During the s he had a strong interest in Judaism and raised money for Israel. Later in life Hampton became a Christian Scientist. Hampton was deeply involved in the construction of various public housing projects, and founded the Lionel Hampton Development Corporation. Hampton's wife, Gladys Hampton, also was involved in construction of a housing project in her name, the Gladys Hampton Houses. Gladys died in Hampton was a staunch Republican and served as a delegate to several Republican National Conventions.
From Lionel Hampton - The Best Ofthe Lionel Hampton - The Best Of encyclopedia. American jazz vibraphonist, pianist, percussionist, bandleader and actor. As far as I'm concerned, what he did in those days—and they were Lionel Hampton - The Best Of days in —made it possible for Negroes to have their chance in baseball and other fields. The Village Voice. Retrieved June 10, PAS Hall of Fame.
Percussive Arts Society. Archived from the original on April 2, Hall of Composers. United States Marine Band. Archived from the original on October 19, Basic Books. Classic Jazz. Backbeat Books. Archived from the original on January 2, Retrieved June 3, The Vancouver Sun.
January 17, Retrieved October 29, February 4, Archived from the original on September 27, Retrieved October 11, Dexter Gordon: A Musical Biography. Da Capo Press. Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved November 29, Barry Kernfeld, Los Angeles: Black Accent on L.
Bryant, Clora, Berkeley: University of California Press. Retrieved March 6, Retrieved June 27, University of Idaho. Retrieved February 2, June 23, Archived from the original on June 23, Retrieved February 7, New York Times. Retrieved December 16, Lionel Hampton, whose flamboyant mastery of the vibraphone made him one of the leading figures of the swing era, died yesterday morning at Mount Sinai Medical Center in Manhattan.
He was No Way No Time - Various - Heart Attack 4 New York Times. September 5, Retrieved April 9, Gale Research, Detroit.
Great Black Men of Masonry. Retrieved June 28, University Press of Mississippi. September 10, Polity Media, Inc. Archived from the original on March 11, Cherokee - Enoch Light & The Light Brigade* - Big Band Hits Of The 30s & 40s Lionel Hampton.
Who's Who in Jazz. Awards for Lionel Hampton. Kennedy Center Honorees s. Jacques d'Amboise Marilyn Horne B. King Sidney Poitier Neil Simon. Complete list s s s s s. National Medal of Arts recipients s. Crosby Richard Diebenkorn R.
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