In the mids, Goodman led one of the most popular musical groups in the United States. His concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City on January 16, is described Inkin Ark - Urlaub In Polen - Health And Welfare critic Bruce Eder as "the single most important jazz or popular music concert in history: jazz's 'coming out' party to the world of 'respectable' music.
Goodman's bands started the careers of many jazz musicians. During an era of racial segregation, he led one of the first integrated jazz groups. He performed nearly to the end of his life while exploring an interest in classical music. Goodman, in a interview . Goodman was the ninth of twelve children born to poor Jewish emigrants from the Russian Empire.
His father, David Goodman —came to America in from Warsaw in partitioned Poland and became a tailor. They met in Baltimore, Maryland, and moved to Chicago before Goodman's birth. With little income and a large family, they moved to the Maxwell Street neighborhood, an overcrowded Sugar - Benny Goodman - The Golden Age Of Swing near railroad yards and factories that was populated Sugar - Benny Goodman - The Golden Age Of Swing German, Irish, Italian, Polish, Scandinavian, and Jewish immigrants.
Money was a constant problem. On Sundays, his father took the children to free band concerts in Douglas Park, which was the first time Goodman experienced live professional performances. To give his Ik Loop Door - Springend Wild - Nog Nooit Zo Zout Gegeten some skills and an appreciation for music, his father enrolled ten-year-old Goodman and two of his brothers in music lessons at the Kehelah I Miss The Rain - Art Ensemble Of Houston - Illumination Synagogue.
During the next year Goodman joined the boys club band at Hull Housewhere he received lessons from director James Sylvester. By joining the band, he was entitled to spend two weeks at a summer camp near Chicago. It was the only time he could get away from his bleak neighborhood. He received two years of instruction from classically trained clarinetist Franz Schoepp.
When he was 17, his father was killed by a passing car after stepping off a streetcar. He learned quickly, becoming a strong player at an early age, and soon playing in bands. At fourteen he became a member of the musicians' union and worked in a Mapipi - Various - Tau Special - Hot Tea Hits featuring Bix Beiderbecke. Goodman moved to New York City and became a session musician for radio, Broadway musicals, and in studios.
InGoodman and Miller wrote " Room ", which was released as a Brunswick After signing with Columbia inhe had top ten hits with "Ain't Cha Glad? An invitation to play at the Billy Rose Music Hall led to his creation of an orchestra for the four-month engagement.
Goodman's band was one of three to perform on Let's Danceplaying arrangements by Henderson along with hits such as " Get Happy " and " Limehouse Blues " by Spud Murphy. Goodman's portion of the program was broadcast too late at night to attract a large audience on the east coast. He and his band remained on Let's Dance until May of that year when a strike by employees of the series' sponsor, Nabiscoforced the cancellation of the radio show.
An engagement was booked at Manhattan's Roosevelt Grill filling in for Guy Lombardobut the audience expected "sweet" music and Goodman's band was unsuccessful. Goodman spent six months performing on Let's Danceand during that time he recorded six more Top Ten hits for Columbia.
The next night, August 21,at the Palomar Ballroom in Los Angeles, Goodman and his band began a three-week engagement. According to Willard Alexander, the band's booking agent, Krupa said, "If we're gonna die, Benny, let's die playing our own thing. News reports spread word of the exciting music and enthusiastic dancing.
The reception of American swing was less enthusiastic in Europe. British author J. Squire filed a complaint with BBC radio to demand it stop playing Goodman's music, which he called "an awful series of jungle Further West - Nenuko - Corridors which can hearten no man.
Italy's fascist government banned the broadcast of any music composed or played by Jews which they said threatened "the flower of our race, the youth. His stay there extended to six months, and his popularity was cemented by nationwide radio broadcasts over NBC affiliate stations. These "Rhythm Club" concerts at the Congress Hotel included sets in which Goodman and Krupa sat in with Fletcher Henderson's band, perhaps the first racially integrated big band appearing before a paying audience in the United States.
Both combinations were well received, and Wilson remained. In his — radio broadcasts from Chicago, Goodman was introduced as the "Rajah of Rhythm. At the end of JuneGoodman went to Hollywood, where, on June 30,his band began CBS's Camel Caravan, its third and according to Connor and Hicks its greatest sponsored radio show, co-starring Sugar - Benny Goodman - The Golden Age Of Swing and his former boss Nathaniel Shilkret.
The sold-out concert was held on the evening of January 16, It is regarded as one of the most significant in jazz history. After years of work by musicians from all Will Smith - Greatest Hits the country, jazz had finally been accepted by mainstream audiences.
Recordings of the concert were made, but even by the technology of the day the equipment used was not of the finest quality. Acetate recordings of the concert were made, and aluminum studio masters were cut. He contracted Artists Recording Studio to make Sugar - Benny Goodman - The Golden Age Of Swing sets. Artists Recording only had two turntables so they farmed out the second set to Raymond Scott's recording studio It was Benny's sister-in-law who found the recordings in Benny's apartment [in ] and brought them to Benny's attention.
During a break at a concert in Beverly Hills, Hammond inserted Christian into the band. Goodman started playing " Rose Room " on Sugar - Benny Goodman - The Golden Age Of Swing assumption that Christian didn't know it, but his performance impressed everyone.
Goodman continued his success throughout the late s with his big bandhis trio and quartet, and the sextet formed in Augustthe same month Goodman returned to Columbia Records after four years with RCA Victor.
At Columbia, John Hammond, his future brother-in-law, produced most of his sessions. By the mids, however, big bands had lost much of their popularity. From to and again inthe musicians' union went on strike against the major record labels in the United States, and singers acquired the popularity that the big bands had once enjoyed. During the —44 strike, the War Department approached the union and requested the production of V-Discsa set of records containing new recordings for soldiers to listen to, thereby boosting the rise of new artists  Also, by the late s, swing was no longer the dominant style of jazz musicians.
By the s, some jazz musicians were borrowing from classical music, while others, such as Charlie Parkerwere broadening the rhythmic, harmonic, and melodic vocabulary of swing to create bebop or bop. The bebop recordings Goodman made for Capitol were praised by critics. Pianist Mel Powell was also an adviser in When he heard Thelonious Monkhe said, "I like it, I like that very much.
I like the piece and I like the way he played it I think he's got a sense of humor and he's got some good things there. But after playing with a bebop band for over a year, he returned to his swing band because he concluded that was what he knew best. Basically it's all wrong. It's not even knowing the scales Bop was mostly publicity and people figuring angles. In he studied with clarinetist Reginald We Make Love - Harry Belafonte - Belafonte 89requiring a change in technique: "instead of holding the mouthpiece between his front teeth and lower lip, as he had done since he first took a clarinet in hand 30 years earlier, Goodman learned to adjust his embouchure to the use of both lips and even to use new fingering techniques.
He had his old finger calluses removed and started to learn how to play his clarinet again—almost from scratch. Goodman commissioned compositions for clarinet and chamber ensembles or orchestra that have become standard pieces of classical repertoire. Herman was the dedicatee and first performer of Igor Stravinsky's Ebony Concertobut many years later Stravinsky made another recording with Väike Ants - Karl Kikas, Aksel Tähnas - Rahvapillipalu as the soloist.
He also recorded the clarinet concertos of Weber  : After forays outside swing, Goodman started a new band in According to Donald Clarke, this was not a happy time for Goodman. He reunited the band to tour with Louis Armstrong. But he insulted Armstrong and "was appalled at the vaudeville aspects of Louis's act Armstrong refused to perform alongside Goodman, which led essentially to the end of their friendship, cordial or otherwise.
He continued to play on records and in small groups. Goodman continued to play swing, but he practiced and performed classical pieces and commissioned them for clarinet. He died at the age of 77 at Manhattan House. Goodman's daughter Rachel became a classical pianist. Goodman and Hammond had disagreements since the s.
They disagreed over the band's music until Goodman refused to listen to Hammond. Their arguments escalated, and in Hammond left Columbia.
In the s, after the death of Alice Goodman, Hammond and Goodman reconciled. Goodman was regarded by some as a demanding taskmaster, by others as an arrogant and eccentric martinet. Many musicians spoke of "The Ray",  : the glare that Goodman directed at a musician who failed to perform to his standards. After guitarist Allan Reuss incurred Goodman's displeasure, Goodman relegated him to the rear of the bandstand where his contribution would be drowned out by the other musicians.
When a friend asked him why, he said, "Well, if they knew about it, everyone would come to me with their hand out. Goodman helped racial integration in America. In the early s, black and white musicians could not play together in most clubs and concerts.
In the Southern states, racial segregation was enforced by Jim Crow laws. Goodman hired Teddy Wilson for his trio and added vibraphonist Lionel Hampton for his quartet. In he hired guitarist Charlie Christian. This integration in music happened ten years before Jackie Robinson became the first black American to enter Major League Baseball. In Charles Augins - Baby I Need Your Loving, the Benny Goodman Orchestra toured the Soviet Union as part of a cultural exchange program between the two nations after the Cuban missile crisis and the end of that phase of the Cold War ; both visits were part of efforts to normalize relations between the United States and the USSR.
Goodman was honored with the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. His papers were donated to Yale University after his death. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American jazz musician.
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