A zebra crossing is a type of pedestrian crossing used in many places around the world. Its distinguishing feature is alternating dark and light stripes on the road surface, resembling the coat of a zebra. A zebra crossing typically gives priority to pedestrians. The crossing is characterised by longitudinal stripes on the roadparallel to the flow of the traffic, alternately a light colour and a dark one.
The similarity of these markings to those of a zebra give the crossing's name. The light colour is usually white and the dark colour may be painted — in which case black is typical — or left unpainted if the road surface itself is dark. In the United Kingdom the crossing is marked with Belisha beaconsflashing amber globes on black and white posts on each side of the road, named after Leslie Hore-Belishathe Minister of Transportwho introduced them in Pedestrians have a right of way when they step onto the crossing: The Highway Code states that road traffic "MUST give way when a pedestrian has moved onto a crossing.
In other countries, such as the United Stateszebra crossings are also used on pedestrian crossings controlled by traffic signals. Zebra crossings were originally introduced in law by section 18 of the Road Traffic Act Although the origin of the name is disputed, it is generally attributed to British MP James Callaghan who, invisited the country's Transport Research Laboratory which was working on a new idea for safe pedestrian crossings.
On being Were Going Places - Zebra Crossing - Zebra Crossing a black and white design, Callaghan is said to have remarked that it resembled a zebra.
After isolated experiments, the zebra crossing was first used at 1, sites in the United Kingdom in in its original form of alternating strips of blue and yellow.
Inthe Green Cross Code was introduced to teach children safer crossing habits, replacing the earlier "kerb drill". The lines of a zebra crossing are commonly laid down by a road marking machine. Because the width of crossing lines is wider than other traffic lines, the marking shoe of a zebra cross marking machine is accordingly wider. The machine is hand pushed. In the United Kingdom, lollipop men or women school crossing patrols frequently attend zebra crossings near schools, at the hours when schoolchildren arrive and leave.
Their widely used nickname arose because of the warning sign they hold up as they stop traffic: the sign is a large round disc on a long pole and thus resembles a giant lollipop, although they were originally of a square design. In GermanyScandinaviaand most other European countries, pedestrians have right of way if they are still on the curb but about to enter the zebra crossing. In North Americazebra Cadillac - Lit - Tripping The Light Fantastic are almost exclusively called crosswalks.
In most areas of Canadaparallel line markings is the preferred marking style, except in Toronto where zebra markings are widely used. In New Zealandmotorists are required to give way to pedestrians. In Australiaraised zebra crossings are sometimes called wombat crossings. Speed behaviour in encounters observationsnon-encounters with pedestrian presence observations and situations without pedestrian presence observations were compared.
Three out of four drivers maintained the same speed or accelerated and only one out of four slowed down or braked. In Switzerland yellow stripes are used for pedestrian crossings. Unlike a yellow tiger crossing in Were Going Places - Zebra Crossing - Zebra Crossing UK, however, cyclists are required to dismount Were Going Places - Zebra Crossing - Zebra Crossing cross.
In Lebanonzebra crossings are the preferred pedestrian crossing type, though many other variations exist, such as the parallel cat's eye lines. Zebra crossings are painted at mostly all intersections and they provide priority and right of way to pedestrians under all circumstances. In the United Kingdom, it is the law that all road users, including motorists, give way to pedestrians at zebra crossings Rule of The Highway Code. They were introduced in the late s and s to tackle high death rates of pedestrians crossing roads.
This has prompted some councils to install enforcement cameras at the crossings to catch offenders. The reason for this option is to Prairie Wedding - Mark Knopfler - Sailing To Philadelphia the importance of the animal for the region's farming.
A Orange Crush - R.E.M. - Green crossing is a variation used in Hong Kong and the United Kingdom. It is painted yellow and black. In Were Going Places - Zebra Crossing - Zebra Crossing United Kingdom, it allows cyclists to cross in a central area of the road without dismounting, and obliges motorists to give way to both cyclists and pedestrians.
AylesburyBuckinghamshire experimented with tiger crossings during —, but replaced them with toucan crossings. A number of countries have experimented with "three-dimensional" zebra crossings based on an optical illusion. The white stripes of the crossing appear to hover above the ground as though they were a physical barrier. Although intended to improve pedestrian safety Were Going Places - Zebra Crossing - Zebra Crossing the crossings, they have also been popular with tourists who like to be photographed crossing them, appearing to hover above the ground.
A zebra crossing appears on the cover of The Beatles ' Abbey Road album. The cover made the crossing a tourist attraction, and it has been incorporated into the Abbey Road Studios logo. Since the Abbey Road photo was taken, zigzag lines at the kerb and in the centre of the road have been added to all zebra crossings. English Heritage has given this crossing Grade II listed building status.
There is also a tongue-in-cheek reference to zebra crossings in the science-fiction comedy The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by English author Douglas Adamsin reference to Man using the improbable creature called the Babel fish as proof of the non -existence of God; the novel says, "Man then goes on to prove that black is white and gets himself killed at the next zebra crossing. The La Paz traffic zebras is a team of young people who dress in zebra costumes and dance in the streets of La Paz, Bolivia in order to make drivers and pedestrians aware of traffic rules.
A zebra crossing immediately outside the Russian Embassy in Helsinki was painted in summer with the colours of the rainbow I Wish That I Were Older - Leisa Dove - I Wish That I Were Older protest the Russian government's policy towards lesbian and gay people, the rainbow being one symbol of the LGBT culture.
A similar protest has also been made on a zebra crossing near the Russian Embassy in StockholmSweden. In in Paris, the authorities decided to paint some crossings with rainbow borders for the Pride ; those were supposed to be temporary, but after homophobic vandalism, the municipality declared that the rainbow stripes would remain permanently.
A zebra crossing outside Ti I Ja - Various - Cro Top Fest 2 Russian Embassy, Helsinki painted with a rainbow. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the Anglophone countries and Europe and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
You may improve this Were Going Places - Zebra Crossing - Zebra Crossing discuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. It has been suggested that this article be merged into Pedestrian crossing. Discuss Proposed since August Main article: Road marking machine.
See also: Pedestrian crossing. The Highway Code. Archived from the original on Retrieved 10 November Touring Club Schweiz. Retrieved Archived PDF from the original on Retrieved 25 October Black Country Bugle. Retrieved 19 August Retrieved 24 October The Argus Melbourne 32, Victoria, Australia.
Retrieved 25 October — via National Library of Australia. Auckland Transport. The Driver's Handbook. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 11 August Accident Analysis and Prevention. Mirror Online. Southern Daily Echo. Archived from the original http on February 17, Retrieved October 11, The News.
Retrieved 12 May ABC News. Archived from the original on 29 May Retrieved 30 May BBC Online. Archived from the original on 30 December Yle Uutiset. Towleroad Gay News. Pedestrian crossing. Categories : Pedestrian crossings Road surface markings. Hidden categories: CS1 German-language sources de CS1 French-language sources fr Articles with limited geographic scope from August Pages in non-existent country centric categories Articles to be merged from August All articles to be merged All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Articles with unsourced statements from August Articles with unsourced statements from November All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May Commons category link is on Wikidata.
Allegro - Martinů* - Claus Peter Flor, Berliner Sinfonie-Orchester* - Symphonies Nos. 1 & 2, Prelude & Fugue In B Minor, The Great, BWV 544 - Bach* - E. Power Biggs - The Great Preludes & Fug, Тонкая грань - Психолирик - Первый удар, Half A Chance - Full Force - Full Force