During the 20th century there was a huge increase in the variety of music that people had access to. P.C. Musical Chairs - Citizen Fish - Millennia Madness (Selected Notes From The Late 20th Century) to the invention of mass market gramophone records developed in and radio broadcasting first commercially done ca.
These were skills that tended to be limited to middle-class and upper-class individuals. With the mass-market availability of gramophone records and radio broadcasts, listeners could purchase recordings of, or listen on radio to recordings or live broadcasts of a huge variety of songs and musical pieces from around the globe. This enabled a much wider range of the population to listen to performances of Classical music symphonies and operas that they would not be able to hear live, either due to not being able to afford live-concert tickets or because such music was not performed in their region.
Sound recording was also a major influence on the development of popular music genres, because it enabled recordings of songs and bands to be inexpensively and widely distributed nationwide or even, for some artists, worldwide. The development of relatively inexpensive reproduction of music via a succession of formats including vinyl recordscompact cassettescompact discs introduced in and, by the mids, digital audio recordings, and the transmission or broadcast of audio recordings of music performances on radio, of video recordings or live performances on television, and by the s, of audio and video recordings via the Internetusing file sharing of digital audio recordings, gave individuals from a wide range of socioeconomic classes access to a diverse selection of high-quality music performances by artists from around the world.
In the s, African-American hip hop musicians began Misery Blues - Barbara Dane - Trouble In Mind use the record turntable as a musical instrument, creating rhythmic and percussive " scratching " effects by manipulating a vinyl record on the turntable. In Beethoven's and Felix Mendelssohn 's time in the 19th century, the orchestra was composed of a fairly standard core of instruments which was very rarely modified.
As time progressed, and as the Romantic period saw changes in accepted modification with composers such as Berlioz and Mahlerthe 20th century saw that instrumentation could practically be hand-picked by the composer. Saxophones were used in some P.C. Musical Chairs - Citizen Fish - Millennia Madness (Selected Notes From The Late 20th Century) orchestra scores such as Vaughan Williams ' Symphonies No.
Twentieth-century orchestras generally include a string sectionwoodwindsbrass instrumentspercussionpianocelesteharp s with other instruments called for occasionally, such as electric guitar  and electric bass.
The 20th century saw dramatic innovations in musical forms and styles. Composers and songwriters explored new forms and sounds that challenged the previously accepted rules of music of earlier periods, such as the use of altered chords and extended chords in s-era Bebop jazz. The development of powerful, loud guitar amplifiers and sound reinforcement systems in the s and s permitted bands to hold large concerts where even those with the least expensive tickets could hear the show.
Composers and songwriters experimented with new musical styles, such as genre fusions e. As well, composers and musicians used new electricelectronic, and digital instruments and musical devices. In the s, some styles of music, such as electronic dance music genres such as house music were created largely with synthesizers and drum machines.
Faster modes of transportation such as jet flight allowed musicians and fans to travel more widely to perform or hear shows, which increased the spread of musical styles. In the early 20th century, many composers, including RachmaninoffRichard StraussGiacomo Pucciniand Edward Elgarcontinued to work in forms and Alfin Siam Liberati - Riccardo Muti, Wiener Philharmoniker, William Shimell, Samuel Ramey, Cheryl St a musical language that derived from the 19th century.
However, modernism in music became increasingly prominent and Various - Next מאי - יוני 2002 among the most important modernists were Alexander ScriabinClaude Debussyand post- Wagnerian composers such as Gustav Mahler and Richard Strausswho experimented with form, tonality and orchestration. Late-Romantic and modernist nationalism was found also in British, American, and Latin-American music of the early 20th century.
In the middle of the century composers such as Harry Partch and Ben Johnston explored just intonation. In the second half of the century, prominent composers employing microtonality included Easley Blackwood, Jr.
A dominant trend in music composed from to was neoclassicism, a reaction against the exaggerated gestures and formlessness of late Romanticism which revived the balanced forms and clearly perceptible thematic processes of earlier styles. There were three distinct "schools" of neoclassicism, associated with Igor StravinskyPaul Hindemithand Arnold Schoenberg. Similar sympathies in the second half of the century are generally subsumed under the heading " postmodernism ".
A compositional tradition arose in the midth century—particularly in North America—called P.C. Musical Chairs - Citizen Fish - Millennia Madness (Selected Notes From The Late 20th Century) music".
Its most famous and influential exponent was John Cage — Minimalist music, involving a simplification of materials and intensive repetition of motives began in the late s with the composers Terry RileySteve Reichand Philip Glass.
Later, minimalism was adapted to a more traditional symphonic setting by composers including Reich, Glass, and John Adams. For more examples see List of 20th-century classical composers. Contemporary classical music can be understood as belonging to the period that started in the mids to early s, which The Devil`s Door - Pet The Preacher - The Banjo modernistpostmodernneoromanticand P.C.
Musical Chairs - Citizen Fish - Millennia Madness (Selected Notes From The Late 20th Century) music. Many composers working in the early 21st century were prominent figures in the 20th century.
For more examples see List of 21st-century classical composers. For centuries, instrumental music had either been created by singing, or using mechanical music technologiessuch as drawing a bow across a string that is strung on a hollow instrument or plucking taut gut or metal strings string instrumentsconstricting vibrating air woodwinds and brass or hitting something to make rhythmic sounds percussion instruments.
In the early twentieth century, electronic devices were invented that were capable of generating sound electronically, without an initial mechanical source of vibration.
As early as the s, composers such as Olivier Messiaen incorporated electronic instruments into live performance. While sound recording technology is often associated with the key role it played in enabling the creation and mass marketing of popular musicnew electric and electronic sound recording technology was used to produce art music, as well. In the years following World War IIsome composers were quick to adopt developing electronic technology.
In the s the film industry also began to make extensive use of electronic soundtracks. In addition, folk music was also borrowed by composers in other genres. Some of the work of Aaron Copland clearly draws on American folk music. Bluegrass music is a form of American roots musicand a related genre of country music. Influenced by the music of Appalachia Bluegrass has mixed roots in IrishScottishWelshand English  traditional music, and was also later influenced by the music of African-Americans  through incorporation of jazz elements.
Settlers from the United Kingdom and Ireland arrived in Appalachia during the 18th century, and brought with them the musical traditions of their homelands. These traditions consisted primarily of English and Scottish ballads —which were essentially unaccompanied narrative—and dance music, such as Irish reelswhich were accompanied by a fiddle.
Several Appalachian bluegrass ballads, such as " Pretty Saro ", " Barbara Allen ", " Cuckoo Bird " and " House Carpenter ", come from England and preserve the English ballad tradition both melodically and lyrically.
In bluegrass, as in some forms of jazz, one or more instruments each takes its turn playing the melody and improvising around it, while the others perform accompaniment ; this is especially typified in tunes called breakdowns. This is in contrast to old-time musicin which all instruments play the melody together or one instrument carries the lead throughout while the others provide accompaniment.
Breakdowns are often characterized by rapid tempos and unusual instrumental dexterity and sometimes by complex chord changes. There are three major subgenres of bluegrass and one unofficial subgenre. Traditional bluegrass has musicians playing folk songs, tunes with simple traditional chord progressions, and using only acoustic instruments, with an The Rough And The Quick - Red Snapper - Our Aim Is To Satisfy Red Snapper being Bill Monroe.
Examples include Cadillac Sky and Bearfoot. A newer development in the bluegrass world is Neo-traditional bluegrass; exemplified by bands such as The Grascals and Mountain Heartbands from this subgenre typically have more than one lead singer. Bluegrass music has attracted a diverse following worldwide. Bluegrass pioneer Bill Monroe characterized the genre as: " Scottish bagpipes and ole-time fiddlin'.
It's Methodist and Holiness and Baptist. It's blues and jazzand it has a high lonesome sound. At the same time, the neoclassicism that became fashionable in the s is represented by Last Night - Starpoint - Wanting You opera buffa Mavra and his opera-oratorio Oedipus Rex Later in the century his last opera, The Rake's Progressalso marks the end of the neoclassical phase of his compositions. In the sixties, it should be noted, the Bernd Alois Zimmermann opera, Die Soldatenhad a great P.C.
Musical Chairs - Citizen Fish - Millennia Madness (Selected Notes From The Late 20th Century). It deals with the subject of mortality through irony and collage. The relationship particularly, the relative value of classical music and popular music is a controversial question.
Richard Middleton writes:. Neat divisions between "folk" and "popular", and "popular" and "art", are impossible to find But many pieces commonly thought of as "art" Handel's Hallelujah Chorusmany Schubert songs, many Verdi arias have qualities of simplicity; conversely, it is by no means obvious that the Sex Pistols ' records were "accessible", Frank Zappa 's work "simple", or Billie Holiday 's "facile".
Blues musicians such as Muddy Waters brought the Delta Bluesplayed mostly with acoustic instruments, Breakfast In Bed - UB40 - The Best Of UB40 the Mississippi delta north to cities like Chicago, where they used more electric instruments to form the Chicago Blues.
Country music, once known as Country and Western musicis a popular musical form developed in the southern United Stateswith roots in traditional folk musicspiritualsand the blues. Disco is an up-tempo style of dance music that originated in the early s, mainly from funksalsaand soul musicpopular originally with homosexual and African-American audiences in large U.
Hip hop music, also referred to as rap or rap music, is a music genre formed in the United States in the s that consists of two main components: rapping MCing and DJing audio mixing and scratching. Jazz has evolved into many sometimes contrasting subgenres including smooth jazzBebopSwingFusionDixieland and free jazz. Jazz originated in the early 20th century out of a combination of the Blues, Ragtime, Brass Band Music, Hymns and Spirituals, Minstrel music and work songs.
Mostly instrumental pieces creating sounds of a soothing, romantic, mood-elevating or generally relaxing nature. The polka, which first appeared in Prague incontinued to be a popular form of dance music through the 20th century, especially in Czechoslovakia, Poland, and areas of the United States Blowfly - Disco a large population of central-European descent. In the United States, the "Eastern style" Polish urban polka remained popular until about A later, rock-influenced form is called "dyno" polka.
Rock and roll developed from earlier musical forms including rhythm and blueswhich had earlier been called race musicand country music.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Twentieth century music. Period of mass proliferation of genres and styles. Main article: 20th-century classical music. Main article: Modernism music. Main article: Nationalism music. Main article: Microtonal music. Main article: Neoclassical music. Main article: Experimental music.
Main article: Minimal music. Main article: Contemporary classical music. Main article: Electronic music. Main article: Folk music. Barbara Allen song. Barbara Allen song is a traditional folk ballad. Main article: Bluegrass music. The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
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Main article: Popular music. Main article: Blues.
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