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Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Log in Jazz - Various - Elements Of Jazz Sign up. It's been called the most American form of music. It's actually been called a lot of things, but we call it jazzthe musical style of improvisation, African-American rhythms and European-American performance.
That's just one definition of jazz music. Other people define jazz by the feelings it creates, the smooth and unrestricted sounds, or the attitude of freedom and cool that it embodies. However you define it, jazz music has been a major part of America's musical landscape. But if it's so important, why is it so hard to define? Well, to quote jazz musician J. Johnson, 'Jazz is restless. It's musical freedom. Poetic, right? What can Jazz - Various - Elements Of Jazz say; I just love jazz, whatever it is.
Despite the freedom and improvised nature of jazz music, there are several common elements that help to define something as being jazz. One of the more technical elements is called syncopationor an unexpected rhythm on the off-beat.
Western music is built upon several expectations. Certain chord changes and progressions place emphasis on certain beats, usually the first and third.
Syncopation places rhythmic stress in areas where it normally isn't found, like on the second and fourth beats. This is one of the ways that jazz maintains such an improvised feel, even when it's not improvised. Syncopation feels unexpected, sometimes even forced, but breaks up normal rhythms into unique patterns. In jazz, syncopation really traces its roots back to Buddy Boldena New Orleans cornet player who played between and Bolden's band is often credited with developing the first standard syncopated bass drum pattern, which created emphasis on the off-beats.
The other major element of jazz music is the swing note. Strictly defined, it is a triple subdivision of the beat against duple subdivisions. But I prefer Void Of Light - Various - Zero Tolerance Audio 48 Armstrong's definition: 'If you don't feel it, you'll never know it.
Look at this section of sheet music. On paper, these are all eighth notes, so they should all be the same length. However, when this is swung, every other note is played a little bit longer. So, where does it say on the sheet music to do that? Well, it doesn't. Swing is Blumen Im Haar - Damenbart - Impressionen 71 that is often spontaneous, only used by musicians when it feels right.
Sometimes a jazz band will decide collectively to swing a piece, other times a soloist will improvise it, but it's always a personal choice. With something so hard to truly define, it shouldn't be any surprise that the history of jazz isn't exactly known.
Jazz music, as we know it, sort of appeared in the early 20th century amongst African-American musicians in New Orleans. The first styles of jazz drew very heavily from African-American Bound And Gagged - Ted Nugent - Noble Savage and rhythms; even the swing beat was a common element of African music used Jazz - Various - Elements Of Jazz African-American musicians for decades.
After slavery was abolished inAfrican-American musicians were able to pursue opportunities around the country, and they introduced new rhythms and melodies into mainstream American music.
These rhythms were different than those used by former slaves in the Caribbean, who maintained more traditional African music, and so the Warrior One - 5ths EP styles were something uniquely American. By the s, jazz music was becoming very popular. The freedom, spontaneity, and casual nature of jazz matched the attitudes of the Roaring Twenties. However, by the s, jazz was becoming Subshock & Voltage (16) - On Time EP subversive and was embraced more widely.
Its origins in the African-American community meant that jazz and race were almost always tied together in American history, leading its popularity to rise and fall several times.
As the 20th century passed, jazz music changed and adapted, showing off its flexibility. In the s, swing music appeared, played largely by big bands and made for dancing. This Jazz - Various - Elements Of Jazz replaced in the s by the more serious bebop style. Throughout the s and 50s, Caribbean and Latin American rhythms, chords, and melodies became more influential, and Latin jazz popped up in Puerto Rican and Afro-Cuban neighborhoods of New York.
This new hot feel was contrasted by cool jazz, emphasizing smooth and extensive melodies with less aggressive rhythms. The s introduced free jazz without a strict beat and hard bop with a strong beat.
The 60s and 70s saw the rise of jazz-rock fusion, and the 80s turned to the more commercial smooth Jazz - Various - Elements Of Jazz . And on top of those styles we also have West Coast Jazz, Ska jazz, soul jazz, jazz funk, punk jazz, acid jazz, jazz rap, and chamber jazz, just to name a few.
With the focus on freedom and Jazz - Various - Elements Of Jazzthere are nearly unlimited styles and variations of jazz music, but that's one of the things that makes it so much fun. You can label it all you want, but jazz is still indefinable. You'll know it when you hear it. Jazz is an American musical style characterized by improvisation, flexibility, and spontaneity.
It is based in African-American rhythms, incorporated into more mainstream American melodies and reflecting casual attitudes. Really, it's difficult to define, but most jazz music does share common elements. Syncopationthe emphasis on off-beats, produces an unexpected division of rhythm. Many jazz musicians also rely on swingan informal alteration to normal durations of notes to create a sense of rhythm. Jazz music emphasizes flexibility and freedom, so it has expanded into dozens of variations and styles, but due to its roots in African-American music, it has also been closely connected to racial issues in the United States.
Regardless, jazz music has been a major part of American history, no matter how you define it. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study. Create your account. Already a member? Log In. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.
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